About Kos

Prepare yourself with some local history

Kos History

Kos Island, located in the southeastern Aegean Sea, has a long and fascinating history that dates back thousands of years. The island has been inhabited since the Neolithic period and has been ruled by various civilizations, including the Minoans, Mycenaeans, Persians, and Romans.

During the Hellenistic period, Kos became a center of learning and culture under the rule of the Ptolemaic dynasty. The island was home to the famous physician Hippocrates, known as the father of medicine, who established a medical school on the island that attracted scholars from all over the ancient world.

Kos has also played an important role in the Byzantine, Venetian, and Ottoman empires. During the Italian occupation of the island in the early 20th century, the Fascist regime built several structures, including a grandiose hospital, which still stands today.

In 1943, during World War II, the island was occupied by German forces, leading to the destruction of many of the island’s historic buildings. However, Kos has since been restored and is now a popular tourist destination, known for its beautiful beaches, rich history, and vibrant nightlife.

Today, visitors to Kos can explore the island's many ancient ruins, including the Asklepieion, an ancient healing temple dedicated to the god of medicine, and the Castle of the Knights of Saint John, a medieval fortress that dominates the island's skyline. The island's beaches are also a major draw, with crystal-clear waters and scenic views of the Aegean Sea.

Kos Island’s story is one of resilience, adaptability, and a deep connection to the past, making it a truly unique and captivating destination for travelers from around the world.

Places you Should Explore


Located about 3 kilometers southwest of Kos town, the Asklepion is an ancient healing temple that was dedicated to the god of medicine, Asklepios. The site is believed to date back to the 4th century BC and features a series of terraces and courtyards, as well as a small museum.

Castle of Knights

Also known as the Castle of Neratzia, this medieval fortress was built by the Knights Hospitaller in the 14th century. The castle offers stunning views of the sea and is a great spot for a romantic sunset.

Ancient Agora

The ancient agora of Kos is a large archaeological site that was the political and commercial center of the island in ancient times. The site features a number of impressive ruins, including a temple, a stoa, and a bouleuterion.


Located on the southeastern coast of the island, Embros Therme is a hot spring that is believed to have healing properties. The waters are rich in minerals and are said to help with various health conditions.

Zia Sunset

As the sun begins to set, head to one of the many vantage points to take in the breathtaking sunset over the Aegean Sea. It's a truly unforgettable experience that should not be missed during your visit to Kos Island.

Tigaki Beach

Tigaki Beach is a long stretch of sandy shoreline that is popular with families and watersports enthusiasts. The beach is located on the northern coast of the island and offers a range of amenities.

Book Your Activities With Us